Let’s face it, no one is excited about the idea of one-day forming wrinkles. While wrinkles tell a story of the life one has lived they are more often viewed as unappealing or unattractive. Unfortunately, there is no way to prevent the formation of wrinkles, they are just a part of life and that is okay.
But there are ways to slow down the process of wrinkle formation, but in order to effectively do so, we need to understand the reasons different types of wrinkles form.
So what exactly is a wrinkle? A wrinkled is a depression or crease in the surface of the skin.
These are classified into 3 broad categories.
1. Fine Lines
Fine lines are shallow lines that are hard to see without looking closely. These start before deep lines and are common around the eyes.
Crows feet and lines around eyes
Crows feet are a branching of wrinkles at the outer corner of the eye. They are made more noticeable with movement and expressions in the eye area.
They can be made worse by damage from the sun or from squinting from poor vision or bright lights. These factors can cause the lines to deepen into much more noticeable lines.
To slow down the formation of these wrinkles keep the eye area hydrated and treated with serums and moisturizers. Treatments such as eye masks and jade rolling can help to smooth out the area by plumping up the skin to help reduce the appearance of these lines.
If you notice you are constantly squinting, get your eye site checked to see if glasses will help.
And most importantly protect the eye area from sun damage by wearing sunscreen and sunglasses with UV 400 protection.
2. Deep lines
These are pronounced grooves that are visible at all times and tend to be long and straight.
These lines often appear when people are overly expressive. They start as faint line across the forehead and begin to deepen as time passes.
The best way to prevent these lines is by refraining from making facial expressions that scrunch up the skin on the forehead.
Exfoliating the skin with AHAs like glycolic acid help to soften and smooth out any lines.
Vitamins A and C are helpful in protecting the skin against free radicals that speed up the aging process of the skin.
And again, wearing an SPF is extremely beneficial in preventing aging skin.
The skin around the mouth can form wrinkles fairly quickly as we are always talking, eating, smiling and laughing (the greatest things in life, am I right?). This makes it essential to take care of the mouth area.
Staying hydrated helps because dry skin tends to show signs of wrinkles and lines sooner and flaky skin makes them more visible. Make sure to regularly exfoliate and moisturize around the mouth area to keep your skin functioning properly.
Use a highly concentrated serum, such as a collagen boosting serum, to keep the skin plump. Also using products with collagen boosting ingredient like retinoids, rosehip oil and vitamin C all help to keep the skin plump and smooth.
Folds are the result of overlapping skin. These appear later in life when the skin is much looser and starts to sag.
These lines are often referred to as tech lines because they tend to form from looking down while using technology.
To prevent these minimize your screen time and work on bettering your posture.
Since the skin on the neck is usually always exposed be sure to apply your skincare routine to this areas as well. Exfoliate and applying serums, moisturizers, and sunscreen can all help keep this area looking young.
Other ways wrinkles are formed
Less Fat – as we age our face loses fat which makes the skin less full causing sagging and the cheeks hollow out.
Nothing can be done to stop this in terms of topical products. The best thing you can do is eat enough healthy fats like avocado, nuts, and seeds.
Less Bone – after the age of 60 our skull begins to shrink. This is because we don’t make as much bone. A smaller skull with the same amount of skin causes draping and looser skin. Nothing can be done to prevent this but ensure you are eating enough calcium, vitamin K, and magnesium in your diet to maintain healthy bones as you age.
Less Collagen – collagen fibers in the skin create the structure that helps to hold skin up. When there is inflammation of the skin collagen is degraded by an enzyme call collagenase part of a group of enzymes called MMP. When we are young we make collagen at the same rate it breaks down but as we age this rate slows meaning our skin becomes thinner and saggy.
The best ways to prevent collagen damage is to protect against sun damage, watch sugar intake, not over exfoliating, stop picking at skin, stop using products with the wrong pH, reducing inflammation caused by over cleansing and lastly not smoking.
To correct the damage that has already been done start using a vitamin A, vitamin C, and peptides. Lastly, use hydrating products with humectant to plump skin and bind water to the skin allowing it to function properly.
Less Elastin – elastin is another protein the diminishes with age. Its job is to allow the skin to bounce back when stretched. Elastin is attacked and broken down by an enzyme called elastase also an MMP enzyme for the same reasons collagen is broken down, but elastin is much harder to restore than collagen. There are ingredients called MMP inhibitors that inhibit the elastin enzyme. The best way to restore elastin is by following the same rules for the collagen restoration.
Less GAG’s – GAG is short for glycosaminoglycans, these are water-binding molecules in the dermis that give skin its plumpness. These molecules fill the space between collagen and elastin fibers. Hyaluronidase is the MMP enzyme that breaks down hyaluronic acid which is one of the GAG’s in the skin.
The solve this problem give the skin more water through humectants, drinking more water and adding toners, essence, and serums that hydrate the skin. You can also use a humidifier to add extra moisture to the air around you.
Wrinkles are a part of aging and they are nothing to fear. Those deep smile lines and crows feet are a reminder of many happy years and memories. Don’t stress too much about wrinkles as we will all get them at some point, but there is nothing wrong with wanting to age gracefully, and you can do so by taking care of your skin along the way.